Finance, trade and investment

CIFOR and partners are researching how to make timber and high-value tree crops – such as oil palm and cocoa – more sustainable to help smallholders benefit more, and to lower the impacts of agricultural expansion in forests and mixed farm-forest landscapes.


Consumer awareness of how timber, palm oil, soy, sugar, beef and other commodities affect ecosystems, people and the climate is driving a transformation in these industries. In response, private companies, governments and financial services providers are investing in sustainable activities that reduce pressure on forests.

CIFOR is supporting this transition through research on on public policy, business models, private investments and finance, and is exploring investment and business models that support small-scale farmers, who depend more and more on global markets for their incomes.

Other topics you might be interested in

Oil palm

Aligning policies with private sector initiatives for a more inclusive palm oil value chain.

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Tenure and tenure reform

Governments, companies and local and indigenous communities are all vying for access to dwindling forest...

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